RIGHT returns the last character or characters in a text string, based on the number of characters you specify.
RIGHTB returns the last character or characters in a text string, based on the number of bytes you specify.
What is the difference between RIGHT and RIGHTB?
RIGHT is intended for use with languages that use the single-byte character set (SBCS), whereas RIGHTB is intended for use with languages that use the double-byte character set (DBCS). The default language setting on your computer affects the return value in the following way:
- RIGHT always counts each character, whether single-byte or double-byte, as 1, no matter what the default language setting is.
- RIGHTB counts each double-byte character as 2 when you have enabled the editing of a language that supports DBCS and then set it as the default language. Otherwise, RIGHTB counts each character as 1.
The languages that support DBCS include Chinese (Simplified), Chinese (Traditional), Korean, and Japanese.
Text Required. The text string containing the characters you want to extract.
Num_chars Optional. Specifies the number of characters you want RIGHT to extract.
Num_bytes Optional. Specifies the number of characters you want RIGHTB to extract, based on bytes.
- Num_chars must be greater than or equal to zero.
- If num_chars is greater than the length of text, RIGHT returns all of text.
- If num_chars is omitted, it is assumed to be 1.
Example 1: RIGHT
The example may be easier to understand if you copy the example data (include header) in the following table, and paste it in cell A1 of a new Excel worksheet. If you need to, you can adjust the column widths to see all the data.
||2021||Returns Last 4 characters in the string.|
||1||num_chars is omitted, it is assumed to be 1, returns the last character.|
||1||Returns the last character in the string.|
||Excel 2021||Num_chars is greater than the length of text, returns all characters.|
Example 2: RIGHTB
港". RIGHTB returns the last character, because each character is counted as 2.
香港". RIGHT returns the last 2 characters, because each character is counted as 1. RIGHT returns the last 2 characters no matter what the default language setting is on your computer.